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Things to do after installing Debian 9 “Stretch”

 

Debian Stretch

 

In this guide, we are going to see a list of few basic things to do after installing Debian Stretch.

One of the first things to do is to update the sources and then grant sudo access to the default user so that we don’t need to switch user as root to perform operations that require root access. Granting sudo access to users on Home PC’s is ok but granting sudo access to users in an office environment is not recommended.

 

Update The Source List

Note: I would like to let you know that in this guide, we are going to install software from the “contrib” and “non-free” repositories too.

Also we are going to add “contrib” & “non-freerepositories that are not 100% FOSS as per the Debian Free Software Guidelines.

  • contrib” – repositories include packages which do comply with the DFSG, but may fail other requirements. For instance, they may depend on packages which are in non-free or requires such for building them.
  • non-free” – repositories include packages which do not comply with the DFSG

If you want to use a installation that is 100% FOSS as per the Debian Free Software Guidelines then just don’t add “contrib” & “non-free” to the source list.

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Things to do after installing Debian 8 “jessie”

Keep Calm and Install Debian Jessie

 

In this guide, we are going to see the list of top/important things to do after installing Debian Jessie.

One of the first things to do is to update the sources and then grant sudo access to the default user so that we don’t need to switch user as root to perform operations that require root access. Granting sudo access to users on Home PC’s is ok but granting sudo access to users in an office environment is not recommended.

 

Update The Source List

Note: I would like to let you know that in this guide, we are going to install software from the “contrib” and “non-free” repositories too.

Also we are going to add “contrib” & “non-freerepositories that are not 100% FOSS as per the Debian Free Software Guidelines.

  • contrib” – repositories include packages which do comply with the DFSG, but may fail other requirements. For instance, they may depend on packages which are in non-free or requires such for building them.
  • non-free” – repositories include packages which do not comply with the DFSG

If you want to use a installation that is 100% FOSS as per the Debian Free Software Guidelines then just don’t add “contrib” & “non-free” to the source list.

Read more of this post

Guide – How to install Debian 8 “jessie” Xfce using netinst/minimal iso (Step-by-step with pictures)

Debian testingcurrently aliased jessie, contains software being tested for inclusion in the next major release.

The packages included in this distribution have had some testing in unstable but they may not be completely fit for release yet. It contains more modern packages than stable but older than unstable. This distribution is updated continually until it enters the “frozen” state.

Security updates for testing distribution are provided by Debian testing security team.

 

Keep Calm and Install Debian Jessie

 

In this article, we are going to learn to install & setup Debian Xfce “jessie” testing from scratch using netinst/minimal iso which is around 300MB in size.

Note: This method of installing Debian requires a functioning internet connection during installation.

Although both Ethernet and wireless connections are supported, a wired Ethernet connection is better. This method requires internet connection because only minimal packages as opposed to the full version and the other stuff has to be downloaded during installation.

 

 

Step 1: Download the ISO & make a bootable disk

Download the iso & make a bootable usb drive using software like “Unetbootin” or some other similar software that lets you copy iso files to a usb drive & make it bootable.

You can find the weekly builds of all architecture & all formats in this link, http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/weekly-builds/.

Here are the direct links to download the weekly builds of the testing iso,

If you don’t know which version to download then check this article, The Ultimate Guide to the Best Linux Distros. Read more of this post

The Ultimate Guide to the Best Linux Distros

Before we jump into the actual distro list, first lets take a look at 32bit vs 64bit versions and the different desktop environments.

Linux_Tux

32bit vs 64bit:

Each & every release of Linux distro are released in 2 variants namely 32bit & 64bit. So which variant to download, install & use?

You should use,

  • 32bit – If your PC has a 32bit processor
  • 64bit – If your PC has a 64bit processor

In addition to that, 32bit variants can support only upto 4GB of RAM. So again,

  • 32bit – If your PC has 4GB or less than 4GB of RAM
  • 64bit – If your PC has more than 4GB of RAM

Codenames:

32bit variants usually have the name pattern similar to,

  • DISTRONAME-x86.iso
  • DISTRONAME-i386.iso
  • DISTRONAME-i586.iso
  • DISTRONAME-i686.iso

64bit variants usually have the name pattern similar to,

  • DISTRONAME-x86_64.iso
  • DISTRONAME-amd64.iso

In simple terms, if the file name has the number 64 then its probably the 64-bit variant.

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How to format pen-drive/flash-disks/removable-drives in Linux distros

In a Linux distro, you can format a removable disk (in most of the desktop environments) by right clicking on the disk and choosing format. But its just quick format and you can’t choose the file system or other info. that you want to use for your removable disk. So in order to format removable disk drives in Linux we need some application to do that.

Also in Xfce desktop environment, you cannot format a removable disk directly by right clicking on the disk and choosing format because Xfce (till version 4.10) does not come with such option.

One of the best application for formatting removable disks is Disks.

Features

  • View local and removable storage devices
  • View partitions and filesystems
  • Format disks and media
    • USB keys, card readers, flash media, disk disks
    • Support encryption to keep data private (e.g. LUKS or others)
  • Modify disk partition layouts
    • Create/delete filesystems and partitions
    • Edit filesystems and partitions (resize, change label)
  • Disk images
    • Create/restore disk images for disk/volumes
    • Access disk image files (including ISO files)
  • Edit system configuration
    • Activate specific devices at OS start-up (fstab/crypttab)
  • View hardware problems (SMART)

 

How to Use

1) Open Disks and then choose the external disk that you want to format.

2) Unmount the disk because you can’t format the disks that are mounted.

3) Click the gears like symbol and then select format.

4) A new window will pop up with the options to choose

  • quick format or full format
  • type of file system to be used (FAT is the preferred format for removable disks)
  • name of the removable disk

5) After choosing the options, click format and disks will do the rest of the work.

 

Disks Unmount

 

Disks format menu

 

Disks formatting options

 

Disks formatting the drive

 

 

Download & Install

To install Gnome Disks in your Linux distro, follow these steps

 

Ubuntu / Linux Mint / Elementary OS / Debian

sudo apt-get install gnome-disk-utility

 

Fedora

yum install gnome-disk-utility

 

Arch / Manjaro Linux

You can install it either from the official repository or AUR.

Official Repo:
pacman -S gnome-disk-utility
AUR:
yaourt -S gnome-disk-utility

 

OpenSUSE

zypper install gnome-disk-utility

 

 

Note:

  • In Xfce distros, the disks application may not appear in the main menu and instead its listed in the “Settings Manager”. So go to settings manager and then type “disks” in the search bar and you’ll find disks listed in it.
  • You can also start the application using Terminal. The command to start disks is

gnome-disks

  • You can also use a launcher like Synapse or some other launcher to start Disks.

 

Starting Disks using Synapse

 

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